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: Gems by Language
Gemstone Names By Language
• Arabic Natural gemstones speak to us in a universal language of aesthetics. But if your native language is not English, finding the the particular gem you're seeking can be difficult. To help our customers around the world find precious and semi-precious gems by name, we've created the following charts that show the names of many well-known gemstones in a dozen languages, including French, Italian, Spanish, German, Portuguese, Russian, Japanese, Chinese, Arabic and Hindi. We've done our best to get these right, but if we've made any mistakes please use our contact page to send us any corrections.
• French
• German
• Hindustani
• Italian
• Japanese
• Mandarin
• Portuguese
• Russian
• Spanish
Gemstone Translation Chart / English - Arabic
Please click on the gemstone names below to see the gems!
Sapphire sapphire
Ruby روبي
Emerald زمرد
Amethyst حجر اميثست
Topaz زبرجد
Citrine citrine
Ametrine ametrine
Garnet العقيق
Tsavorite garnet tsavorite العقيق
Spessartite garnet spessartite العقيق
Opal العقيق
Jade اليشم
Jasper كاسبر
Moonstone سليكات الألمنيوم
Lapis Lazuli lapis lazuli
Onyx اونيكس
Tourmaline السجل
Paraiba tourmaline بارايبا في السجل
Pearl اللءلء
Peridot peridot
Sphene sphene
Spinel spinel
Turquoise الفيروز
Zircon الزركون
Tiger's eye نمور العين
Gemstone Translation Chart / English - French
Please click on the gemstone names below to see the gems!
Sapphire saphir
Ruby rubis
Emerald émeraude
Amethyst améthyste
Topaz topaz
Citrine citrine
Ametrine ametrine
Garnet grenat
Tsavorite garnet grenat de tsavorite
Spessartite garnet grenat de spessartite
Opal opale
Jade jade
Jasper jaspe
Moonstone pierre de la lune
Lapis lazuli lapis lazuli
Onyx onyx
Tourmaline tourmaline
Paraiba tourmaline tourmaline Paraiba
Pearl perle
Peridot peridot
Sphene sphene
Spinel spinelle
Turquoise turquoise
Zircon zircon
Tiger's eye oeil de tigres
Gemstone Translation Chart / English - German
Please click on the gemstone names below to see the gems!
Sapphire saphir
Ruby rubin
Emerald smaragd
Amethyst amethyst
Topaz topaz
Citrine citrine
Ametrine ametrine
Garnet granat
Tsavorite garnet tsavorite granat
Spessartite garnet spessartite granat
Opal opal
Jade jade
Jasper jaspis
Moonstone mondstein
Lapis lazuli lapis lazuli
Onyx onyx
Tourmaline tourmaline
Paraiba tourmaline Paraiba tourmaline
Pearl perle
Peridot peridot
Sphene sphene
Spinel spinell
Turquoise türkis
Zircon zircon
Tiger's eye tigerauge
Gemstone Translation Chart / English - Hindustani
Please click on the gemstone names below to see the gems!
Sapphire नीलमणि
Ruby रूबी
Emerald पन्ना
Amethyst नीलम
Topaz पुखराज
Citrine साइट्रिन
Ametrine ametrine
Garnet रक्तमणि
Tsavorite garnet tsavorite रक्तमणि
Spessartite garnet spessartite रक्तमणि
Opal दूधिया पत्थर
Jade हरिताश्म
Jasper यशब
Moonstone चन्द्रकान्त
Lapis lazuli lapis lazuli
Onyx सुलैमानी पत्थर
Tourmaline tourmaline
Paraiba tourmaline Paraiba tourmaline
Pearl मोती
Peridot जबरज़द
Sphene sphene
Spinel spinel
Turquoise turquoise
Zircon zircon
Tiger's eye बाघों की आंख
Gemstone Translation Chart / English - Italian
Please click on the gemstone names below to see the gems!
Sapphire zaffiro
Ruby rubino
Emerald smeraldo
Amethyst amethyst
Topaz topaz
Citrine citrine
Ametrine ametrine
Garnet granato
Tsavorite garnet granato del tsavorite
Spessartite garnet granato dello spessartite
Opal opale
Jade giada
Jasper diaspro
Moonstone moonstone
Lapis Lazuli lazuli di lapis
Onyx onyx
Tourmaline tourmaline
Paraiba tourmaline tourmaline di Paraiba
Pearl perla
Peridot peridot
Sphene sphene
Spinel spinello
Turquoise turchese
Zircon zircon
Tiger's eye occhio delle tigri
Gemstone Translation Chart / English - Japanese
Please click on the gemstone names below to see the gems!
Sapphire サファイア
Ruby ルビー
Emerald エメラルド
Amethyst アメジスト
Topaz トパーズ
Citrine シトリン
Ametrine アメトリン
Garnet ガーネット
Tsavorite garnet tsavoriteガーネット
Spessartite garnet スペッサルト岩ガーネット
Opal オパール
Jade ひすい
Jasper ジャスパー
Moonstone ムーン
Lapis lazuli ラピスラズリ
Onyx オニキス
Tourmaline トルマリン
Paraiba tourmaline パライバトルマリン
Pearl パール
Peridot ペリドット
Sphene スフェーン
Spinel スピネル
Turquoise トルコ石
Zircon ジルコン
Tiger's eye タイガースアイ
Gemstone Translation Chart / English - Mandarin
Please click on the gemstone names below to see the gems!
Sapphire 蓝宝石
Ruby 红宝石
Emerald 祖母绿
Amethyst amethyst
Topaz 黄玉
Citrine citrine
Ametrine 紫黄晶
Garnet 石榴石
Tsavorite garnet tsavorite石榴石
Spessartite garnet spessartite石榴石
Opal 蛋白石
Jade 玉器
Jasper 曾钰成
Moonstone moonstone
Lapis lazuli 云居lazuli
Onyx 玛瑙
Tourmaline 电气石
Paraiba tourmaline 帕拉电气石
Pearl 珍珠
Peridot 橄榄石
Sphene sphene
Spinel 尖晶石
Turquoise 绿松石
Zircon 锆石
Tiger's eye 老虎的眼睛
Gemstone Translation Chart / English - Portuguese
Please click on the gemstone names below to see the gems!
Sapphire safira
Ruby rubi
Emerald esmeralda
Amethyst amethyst
Topaz topaz
Citrine citrine
Ametrine ametrine
Garnet grandada
Tsavorite garnet grandada do tsavorite
Spessartite garnet grandada do spessartite
Opal opal
Jade jade
Jasper jaspe
Moonstone moonstone
Lapis lazuli lazuli de lapis
Onyx onyx
Tourmaline tourmaline
Paraiba tourmaline tourmaline do Paraiba
Pearl pérola
Peridot peridot
Sphene sphene
Spinel spinel
Turquoise turquesa
Zircon zircon
Tiger's eye olho dos tigres
Gemstone Translation Chart / English - Russian
Please click on the gemstone names below to see the gems!
Sapphire сапфир
Ruby рубин
Emerald изумруд
Amethyst amethyst
Topaz topaz
Citrine citrine
Ametrine ametrine
Garnet вениса
Tsavorite garnet вениса tsavorite
Spessartite garnet венисы spessartite
Opal opal
Jade нефрит
Jasper яшма
Moonstone moonstone
Lapis lazuli lazuli lapis
Onyx onyx
Tourmaline tourmaline
Paraiba tourmaline tourmaline Paraiba
Pearl перла
Peridot peridot
Sphene sphene
Spinel шпинелево
Turquoise бирюза
Zircon zircon
Tiger's eye глаз тигров
Gemstone Translation Chart / English - Spanish
Please click on the gemstone names below to see the gems!
Amazonite amazonita
Aquamarine aguamarina
Alexandrite alexandrita
Coral coral
Diamond diamante
Sapphire zafiro
Ruby rubí
Emerald esmeralda
Amethyst amatista
Topaz topacio
Citrine citrina
Ametrine ametrine
Garnet granate
Tsavorite garnet granate del tsavorite
Spessartite garnet granate del spessartite
Opal ópalo
Jade jade
Jasper jaspe
Moonstone piedra de luna
Labradorite labradorita
Lapis lazuli lapis lazuli
Onyx onix
Tourmaline turmalina
Paraiba tourmaline tourmaline del Paraiba
Pearl perla
Peridot peridoto
Sphene sphene
Spinel espinela
Tanzanite tanzanita
Turquoise turquesa
Zircon zircon
Tiger's eye ojo de tigre
  • First Published: July-04-2008
  • Last Updated: June-23-2017
  • © 2005-2017 GemSelect.com all rights reserved.
    Reproduction (text or graphics) without the express written consent of GemSelect.com (SETT Company Ltd.) is strictly prohibited.
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Size and Weight

Gems are always measured in Millimeter (mm)

Dimensions are given as;
length x width x depth,
except for round stones which are;
diameter x depth

Select gems by size, not by weight!
Gem varieties vary in density, so carat weight is not a good indication of size

Note: 1ct = 0.2g

Size Comparison Chart