There are various color change gems, which include color change garnet, color change diaspore, color change fluorite, color change sapphire and alexandrite.
Color-change garnet is a mix of spessartite and pyrope garnet. This garnet presents a color change from brownish in daylight to a rose pink in incandescent light. The color change is quite intense and dramatic, surpassing that of the more expensive alexandrite.
Alexandrite is one of the rarest of all colored gemstones and is famed for its color change from green in daylight to red under incandescent light. Fine faceted alexandrite over 1 carat is more valuable than sapphire, ruby or emerald. Alexandrite is a variety of chrysoberyl, with an excellent hardness of 8.5 on the Mohs scale, placing it right behind sapphire and ruby. Alexandrite is rare because of its chemical composition. Chrysoberyl is colored by traces of iron and titanium, but alexandrite is also colored by chromium, which gives it the emerald green hue in daylight.
Diaspore, sometimes marketed under the name Zultanite, is a color change gem from Turkey recently introduced to the international market. Diaspore is a hydrated aluminum oxide colored by manganese. It was first faceted as a gemstone in the 1980s, but was not commercially mined until recently. With reasonably good hardness (6.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale) and good brilliance, diaspore has been attracting considerable attention in the gem world. Under natural or fluorescent light, diapsore has a kiwi green color, with flashes of yellow. Diaspore displays a champagne color under incandescent lighting, and when exposed to subdued lighting, such as candlelight, it has a pinkish color. The larger the stone, the more pronounced the color change effect will be.
Color change fluorite is fluorite which exhibits a change of color under different lighting conditions; most often from blue under daylight, to purple under incandescent light. Fluorite is composed of calcium fluoride and is known for its many different colors. Some of the rarer fluorite colors prized by collectors are colorless and blue fluorite. Color change fluorite gems are typically faceted and available in a variety of shapes. As well as some fluorite stones possessing the optical phenomenon of color change, fluorite glows when heated and fluoresces under ultraviolet light. With a hardness rating of 4 on the Mohs scale, fluorite is a soft stone that should only be used for pendants, brooches or earrings. Fluorite is a very affordable and attractive gem. The origin of the word fluorite comes from the Latin verb to flow. Ancient Romans believed that drinking alcoholic beverages from vessels carved of fluorite prevented drunkenness.
Some rare sapphires exhibit a color change under varying lighting conditions. Color change sapphires are typically blue in natural light and purple under incandescent indoor light. Color changes may also be pink in daylight to greenish under fluorescent light. Some stones shift color well and others only partially, in that some stones go from blue to bluish purple.
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