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White Gemstones: List of White Precious & Semi-Precious Gemstones

When it comes to colored gemstones, color is king. Today, many customers prioritize color and are less concerned with the actual gemstone variety as long as the stone is durable enough for their purpose.

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However, finding gems by color can often be very difficult especially since gemstone dealers tend to list availability by gem type or gem variety rather than gems by color. When most people think about a white gemstone, diamond is usually the first gemstone to come to mind, but there are a number of other white gemstones available today.

In the gemstone-industry white refers to both white and colorless gemstones - of which you will find both on this list. White gemstones are popular for diamond replacements and substitutes that are far less expensive than actual diamonds. White gemstones are also perfect for channel setting and pave settings in more significant pieces of jewelry too. Our list of white gemstones includes both faceted and cabochon gemstones. Additionally, our selections for sale include single stones, gemstone lots, and pairs of white gemstones.

There are several white gemstones that did not make this list, mostly due to rarity, or they may be white in other ways. We felt that this guide should only list those gem types that can be found in white as their primary color. So, using our guide below, click on any of the gem types to learn and shop some of the world's most popular white gemstones available today:

White Zircon Gemstones

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White Zircon Gemstone
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White zircon gemstones aren't the most popular gemstones on the market, but they are gaining popularity, and they are valuable gemstones. White zircon gemstones are exceptionally brilliant and have durability as well. The gemstone zircon in its purest form is white or colorless and appears in a wide range of color due to impurities.

With white zircon having a Mohs hardness between 6.5-7.5, white zircon is suitable for all types of jewelry. White zircon gemstones are also an excellent choice for a diamond substitute. At affordable prices and with exceptional qualities you will see why white zircon gemstones are an excellent purchase when shopping for white gemstones.

White Topaz Gemstones

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White topaz Gemstone
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White topaz gemstones are topaz gemstones in their purest form, so they display as a white gemstone. While topaz gemstones are very popular in the blue variety, their white form is handy due to its remarkable properties. White topaz gemstones are another fantastic replacement to diamond gemstones due to their exceptional features, and it's affordability.

White topaz gemstones on the Mohs scale of hardness are an 8 out of 10 making them exceptionally durable and suitable for all jewelry applications. White topaz is available in numerous cuts, sizes, and quantities. White topaz gemstones are an excellent choice for large pieces of gemstone jewelry that need pave setting or channel setting and an excellent choice for earrings, rings, pendants, and bracelets.

White Sapphire Gemstones

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White sapphire Gemstone
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White sapphire gemstones are the ultimate diamond substitute for gemstone jewelry. While sapphire gemstones are also very popular in the colored varieties, the white form has significant potential because of its exceptional strength and remarkable brilliance. White sapphire gemstones are very affordable and available in an abundance of sizes, shapes, and quantities.

White sapphire gemstones on the Mohs scale of hardness are a 9 out of 10. This strength makes white sapphire gemstones the second hardest material on earth, second only to diamond. White sapphire gemstones are an excellent choice for large pieces of gemstone jewelry that need pave setting or channel setting and are widely available in 1mm - 3mm sizes for these purposes.

White Quartz Gemstones

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White Quartz Gemstone
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White quartz gemstones are part of one of the most critical gemstone groups on earth. While quartz gemstones are hugely popular in the colored varieties, they are also useful in their purest state otherwise known as white or colorless. White quartz gemstones are very affordable have other remarkable properties as well.

White quartz gemstones on the Mohs scale of hardness are a 7 out of 10. This Mohs hardness score is a good indicator for white quartz gemstones durability. White quartz gemstones are an additional choice for a gemstone for use as a diamond substitute. White quartz is available in a wide range of calibrated sizes and shapes, including many fancy shapes.

White Cats Eye Moonstone Gemstones

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Cats Eye Moonstone Gemstone
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White cat's eye moonstone gemstones are transparent to an opaque variety of moonstone that exhibits chatoyancy. Chatoyancy is a phenomenon that creates a reflection of light that closely resembles a cat's eye. It is rare happens in a small handful of gems, which includes cat's eye chrysoberyl, apatite, aquamarine, and tourmaline. These white cat's eye gemstones are colorless or white and exhibit this unique trait.

White cat's eye moonstone gemstones on the Mohs scale of hardness are a 6-6.5 Out of 10. This Mohs hardness score is a good indicator for the strength of cat's eye moonstone gemstones. White cat's eye moonstone gemstones are an excellent choice for jewelry that will receive direct sunlight; such as, rings, necklaces, and brooches.

White Howlite Gemstones

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White howlite gemstone
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White howlite gemstones, named after Henry How, were discovered in 1868 by a Canadian chemist, geologist, and mineralogist. He found a previously unknown mineral through gypsum quarry miners who found a material harder than gypsum and subsequently complained about it buggering their mining. White howlite gemstones are a borate mineral from Canada and parts of the USA. White howlite gemstones have the appearance of white marble or porcelain with an additional luster.

White howlite gemstones are found from opaque and white, and while some white howlite gemstones can appear with a matrix, other samples can be matrix-free and pure white. White howlite gemstones are well known for imitating other gemstones. Because of the white howlite gemstones porous nature, white howlite gemstones can absorb dye well, which means they can sell as turquoise, red coral, or even lapis lazuli. The fact above is why it is essential to buy from reputable gem traders rather than sites which host various sellers, or less ethical gemstone selling sites. Howlite on the Mohs scale is a 3.5 out of 10, but it is suitable for numerous jewelry applications. White howlite gemstones are great for beads on a necklace or bracelet and larger pieces make amazing pendants too.

White Moonstone Gemstones

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White Moonstone Gemstone
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White moonstone gemstones are the most popular gemstones of the orthoclase feldspar variety, a potassium aluminum silicate. White moonstone gemstones are a transparent to opaque oligoclase that is known to exhibit a remarkable sheen under certain lighting conditions making it one of the most remarkable gemstones available today. White moonstone gemstones are named moonstone because of the magical bluish white shimmer they exhibit which resembles the moon.

This shimmering visual phenomenon white moonstone gemstones display is known as adularescence. With white moonstone gemstones, the aura of light appears to glow from within the surface of the stone. White moonstone gemstones earn a 6 - 6.5 out of 10 on the Mohs scale of hardness which means they are exceptionally durable and suitable for all jewelry applications.

The essential moonstone deposits are from Sri Lanka and India although other notable sources exist which include Australia, Brazil, Germany, India, Myanmar, Madagascar, Mexico, Norway, Switzerland, Tanzania, and America.

White Opal Gemstones

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White Opal
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White opal gemstones can occur in range colors including white, colorless - though these stones still display a multicolor 'play of color' via diffraction which causes flashes of brilliance from the rainbow to display in opal's color profile. Yellow, blue and green are common, but violet, red, and orange are rare to see through the play of color. White opal gemstones saturation of body color plus the play of color and transparency, determine a white opal gemstones value. White opal gemstones can occur in transparent to opaque with the transparent-translucent materials being more valuable than the opaque. White opal gemstones which are considered to be extraordinary stones have a vitreous luster.

White opal gemstones earn a 5.5 to 6.5 out of 10 on the Mohs scale of hardness. Opals are great to use for earrings, brooches, rings, and pendants. White opal gemstones are delicate by nature, so one shouldn't wear them anyplace that is subject to hard knocks, or they ought to be worn carefully. White opal gemstones can also be drilled to make beautiful pendants for necklaces or earrings which are both excellent places to wear opal.

White Coral Gemstones

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White Coral Cabochon
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Precious white coral gemstones are a gemstone variety of natural coral that's related to reef-building coral. Precious white coral gemstones are the result of deep-water coral that forms in seabeds that are over 500 feet deep and include caverns and crevices. These natural formations grow slowly often as little as a millimeter per year, and they will eventually range in size from small sized structures to extensive coral reefs.

Precious white coral gemstones are organic-material, and like other organic-gemstones, precious white coral gemstones are not hard or durable gemstones. Precious white coral gemstones have a hardness rating of 3 to 4 on the Mohs scale, which can quickly help distinguish and identify coral from similar colored gemstones such as carnelian, rhodonite or spessartite garnet. Precious white coral gemstones with a calcium carbonate composition have specific gemological properties - combined with coral's translucent to opaque form it is easy to identify natural coral from imitations or similar gemstone materials.

White Diamond Gemstones

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White diamond gemstone
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The white diamond gemstone is a transparent crystalline form of carbon, and it is the hardest known organic substance on Earth. White diamonds are not only prized for exceptional hardness but also their excellent brilliance and their high 'dispersion rate' of a visible fire. Traditional colorless or 'white diamonds' are the most famous diamonds. The name diamond came from the Greek word, 'Adamas,' meaning invincible, which is a testament to diamonds superior hardness and strength.

The physical qualities of the white diamond gemstones are due to their carbon structure. Each carbon atom connects to four other carbon atoms, all of which are very tightly packed - the formation yields an incredibly strong three-dimensional structure thus giving the diamond its strength. The white diamond gemstones crystal pattern is also entirely symmetrical, which allows it to refract light in all directions at the same velocity.

White Rutile Quartz Gemstones

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Rutile Quartz Gemstone
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GemSelect has always been fascinated by white rutilated quartz gemstones. The rutile needles form lovely patterns inside each white rutilated quartz gemstone that look like unique sculptures. Some white rutilated quartz gemstones have fine hair-like intersecting needles while others have dense clusters of thick needles. We buy large parcels of white rutilated quartz gemstones whenever we can find them and then sell them at an attractive price.

Now the popularity of white rutilated quartz gemstones are rising worldwide, so demand for this gemstone and its costs are increasing as a result. According to Modern Jeweler, the need for white rutilated quartz gemstones by jewelry designers is so strong that quality cabochons are selling for as much as $20 per carat in the USA. White rutilated quartz gemstones earn a 7 out of 10 on the Mohs scale making them suitable for all types of jewelry including daily worn pieces.

White Rainbow Moonstone Gemstones

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White Rainbow Moonstone Gemstone
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White rainbow moonstone gemstones are a name given to a variety of labradorite which exhibits a blue or multicolored adularescence. White rainbow moonstone gemstones differ from true moonstone because true moonstone is orthoclase rather than labradorite. Though these two moonstones are related, they are not the same material which makes them different. The reason white rainbow moonstone gemstones get referred to as 'moonstone' is because of its adularescence. However, white rainbow moonstone gemstones adularescence is by a different phenomenon than the adularescence of moonstone.

Because of this, some refer to white rainbow moonstone gemstones as 'labradorite moonstone' to separate it from orthoclase moonstone. White rainbow moonstone gemstones identifiable by their characteristic adularescence appearing as an internal source of light or sheen. White rainbow moonstone deposits are in Canada, Australia, India, Madagascar, Mexico, Myanmar, Russia, Sri Lanka, and America. White rainbow moonstone gemstones have a 6 - 6.5 out of 10 rating on the Mohs scale making them suitable for all types of gemstone jewelry.

White Quartz Cat's Eye Gemstones

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Quartz Cat's Eye Gemstone
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White quartz cat's eye gemstones are a macrocrystalline variety of the mineral quartz which is the most abundant mineral on earth. The cat's eye effect visible in some quartz is mostly due to the presence of asbestiform mineral inclusions or tube-like cavities in a parallel orientation inside the quartz.

White quartz cat's eye gemstones, distinguished by their unique optical phenomena, are known as chatoyancy which comes from the French saying for 'eye of the cat.' White quartz cat's eye gemstones effect resembles the slit eye of a cat and is caused by the reflection of light by the parallel fibers, needles or channels in the gemstone. White quartz cat's eye gemstones should cut into a sphere, or oval shape with the base parallel to the fibers will fully display this effect. White quartz cat's eye gemstones have a Mohs hardness of 7 out of 10 making them perfect for all jewelry applications.

White Scolecite Gemstones

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White Scolecite
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White scolecite gemstones come from faceted minerals called scolecite. White scolecite gemstones are a member of the zeolite group and are closely related to Natrolite and Mesolite. White scolecite gemstones form as a series of those two minerals and are the calcium-rich end member. When determining if a sample is Scolecite or Natrolite one must use chemical tests to ensure accuracy. Additionally, single crystals can contain part of each mineral inside the same crystal.

White scolecite gemstones have a Mohs hardness of 5 - 5.5 out of 10. White scolecite gemstones are most valuable as specimens for collectors and those who are interested in rare gem types

White Sodalite Gemstones

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White Sodalite Gemstone
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White sodalite gemstones are a mineral that gets its name from its sodium content. One can find white sodalite gemstones in several locations across the earth including; Bahia of Brazil, Greenland, India, Ontario Canada, Namibia, the Urals of Russia and in Montana, America. White sodalite gemstones tend to display a vitreous luster with a greasy brilliance on fractures. It is transparent to opaque and can include white calcite inclusions that look like veins or patches.

Opaque white sodalite gemstones are cut as cabochons. It can appear as cut ovals, baguettes, rounds, and fancy shapes. The transparent white sodalite gemstones are faceted and are quite rare.

White Mother of Pearl Gemstones

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White Mother of Pearl Gemstone
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White mother-of-pearl gemstones are the nacreous interior shell layer of pearl-producing creatures. These mollusks have three layers in their shell; the outside periostracum, accompanied by a layer of calcite and then the inner layer of nacre or the 'mother-of-pearl.' The mantle of the creature produces this smooth part of the shell as it develops.

White mother-of-pearl gemstones are found all over the world and are more prevalent than pearl. The reason mother of pearl is much more prevalent is that pearl-producing creaturs rarely produce pearls in nature, but they all create a shell to protect their soft bodies from the threats of the sea. For this reason, most pearls used in gemstone jewelry today are cultured rather than naturally grown pearls. White mother-of-pearl gemstones have a low Mohs hardness from 2.5 - 4.5 but can make excellent pieces of jewelry like pendants, and white mother-of-pearl gemstones are also great for decorating.

White Goshenite Gemstones

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White Goshenite Gemstone
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White goshenite gemstones belong to the beryl group of minerals. Beryl can occur in a wide range of colors, including green, blue, pink, golden, red and white or colorless as with goshenite. White goshenite gemstones are the purest form of beryl because they lack coloring agents and impurities that are responsible for giving gemstones a color. Goshenite discovered in the small town of Goshen which was in Western Massachusetts. Today, white goshenite gemstones are found all around the world.

White goshenite gemstones were once used to make eyeglasses, because of their excellent transparency. White goshenite gemstones are also considered an excellent source for beryllium. White goshenite gemstones, like all beryl, have excellent hardness, durability, and toughness. White goshenite gemstones are very resistant to corrosive materials, but white goshenite is considered to be quite brittle and sensitive to pressure. 7.5 to 8 on the Mohs scale.

  • First Published: January-09-2019
  • Last Updated: January-22-2019
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