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  : : Pyrope Garnet Information
Information sur les pierres précieuses PyropeInformación de la piedra preciosa granate piropo

Pyrope Garnet Gemstone Information

About Pyrope Garnet - History and Introduction

Pyrope garnet is the best known of the red garnets. It has a distinctive red colour that often resembles the colour of ruby or pomegranate seeds. The word "pyrope" comes from the Greek word "puropus", made up of "pur" (fire) and "ops" (eye) meaning "fiery-eyed". This refers to the impressive brilliance of pyrope garnet, which is a result of its high refractive index.

The use of red garnet dates back thousands of years, when it was used by Egyptian pharaohs for both decorative and ceremonial purposes. The ancient Romans also wore garnet rings and traded garnet gemstones. In ancient times, garnet and other red gemstones cut en cabochon were called "carbuncles", which is not the prettiest of names because it was also used to define pus-filled boils.

The Latin word, "carbunculus" alludes to a burning piece of coal or ember. This may have been used to refer to garnet because of its bright colour. Large deposits of pyrope garnet were discovered in Bohemia (Central Europe) around the 16th century, which became the focus of the jewellery industry in the area. Bohemian pyrope garnet from the Czech Republic continues to be mined today.

Pyrope Garnet
Identifying Pyrope Garnet Back to Top

Pyrope garnet is magnesium aluminum garnet. Iron can substitute for the magnesium and become more like almandine, which is iron aluminum garnet. Pure pyrope and pure almandine are rare in nature and most specimens are a mixture of the two. The change in density from almandine (4.3) to pyrope (3.6) is the only good test to determine a specimen's likely identity. Garnet can be distingushed from other gem types by its occurrence in metamorphic rock, its hardness (6.5 - 7.5 on the Mohs scale), colour, refractive index and cubic crystal structure. However, the quickest way to identify garnet is with the use of strong neodymium magnets. Garnet is attracted to neodymium magnets because it contains high concentrations of iron and/or manganese.

Pyrope Garnet; Origin and Gemstone Sources Back to Top

Pyrope garnet sources include China, Madagascar, Myanmar, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania and the United States. Deposits in the Czech Republic do still exist, but are of minor importance.

Buying Pyrope Garnet and Determining Pyrope Garnet Gemstone Value Back to Top

Pyrope Garnet Colour

The characteristic dark-red of pyrope garnet is found in small sized stones. Bigger gems tend to be very dark, coming close to black.

Pyrope Garnet Clarity and Lustre

Pyrope garnet is often inclusion free, so buyers should seek an "eye clean" stone. Pyrope garnet has a beautiful glossy vitreous lustre.

Pyrope Garnet Cut and Shape

Pyrope garnet is versatile and can be cut into a wide variety of shapes. Pyrope garnet is not often seen in large sizes. It can be faceted or cut en cabochon. Faceted cuts best exhibit the beauty of pyrope garnet.

Pyrope Garnet Treatment

Pyrope garnet is not known to be treated or enhanced in any way.

Pyrope Garnet Gemmological Properties: Back to Top
Chemical Formula: Mg4Al2(SiO4)3 magnesium aluminium silicate
Crystal Structure: Cubic, rhombic dodecahedron, icositetrahedron
Colour: Red, often with a brown tint
Hardness: 6.5 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale
Refractive Index: 1.720 - 1.756
Density: 3.62 - 3.87
Cleavage: Indistinct
Transparency: Transparent to opaque
Double Refraction or Birefringence: Usually none
Lustre: Vitreous
Fluorescence: Mostly none

Please refer to our Gemstone Glossary for details of gemmology-related terms.

Pyrope Garnet: Related or Similar Gemstones Back to Top
African Tsavorite Garnet
Tsavorite Garnet

Since pyrope garnet is a member of the garnet group, it is closely related to other garnets such as andradoid garnets (melanite, demantoid and tapazolite), almandine garnets, spessartite garnets, grossularite garnets (hydrogrossular, hessonite, leuco garnet and tsavorite) and uvarovite.

Pyrope Garnet Gemstone Mythology, Metaphysical and Alternative Crystal Healing Powers Back to Top

Garnet has long been thought of as a travellers' stone. In fact, Noah's Ark is said to have had a garnet lantern to help navigate during the night. In traditional Hindu belief systems, garnet is associated with Muladhara, or the "root chakra", which is positioned at the base of the spine. The root chakra when clear is associated with healthy sexual activity and feelings of security and stability. Garnet is also thought to promote successful business, encourage compassion and aid self-confidence. Garnet is said to have the ability to heal the blood and encourage good circulation. Garnet is the traditional birthstone for January, the zodiacal stone for Aquarius and the second anniversary stone.

Disclaimer: Metaphysical and Alternative Crystal Healing Powers and Properties are not to be taken as confirmed advice. Traditional, Ceremonial and Mythological Gemstone Lore is collected from various resources and does not represent the sole opinion of SETT Co., Ltd. This information is not to replace the advice of your doctor. Should you have any medical conditions, please see a licensed medical practitioner. GemSelect does not guarantee any claims or statements of healing or astrological birthstone powers and cannot be held liable under any circumstances.
Pyrope Garnet Gemstone and Jewellery Design Ideas Back to Top

Pyrope's fiery and often slightly bronze coloured red was the gemstone fashion colour in the 18th and 19th century. Renowned worldwide in those days were the "Bohemian garnets" from the north-eastern part of the former Kingdom of Bohemia - small stones in a wonderful colour. In Europe they were frequently used for jewellery in Victorian times. Traditional pyrope garnet jewellery from the Bohemian mines of Central Europe typically features small, closely-set stones that appear like ripe, glistening pomegranate seeds. These vintage styles showcase pyrope garnet's glossy deep red hue. Garnet has also been worked into various modern designs, such as drilled garnet stacked earrings, square cut garnets, or garnets set into smooth, sleek silver. Garnets are also mixed with other gemstones of contrasting colour to create an innovative modern look. Pyrope garnets can be set in gold, silver, drilled or wire-wrapped for a huge selection of jewellery styles to suit any taste.

Note: Buy coloured gemstones by size and not by carat weight. Coloured stones vary in size-to-weight ratio. Some stones are larger and others are smaller than diamonds by weight in comparison.

Famous Pyrope Garnet Gemstones Back to Top

An antique pyrope garnet hairpin is exhibited at the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, USA. This is a stunning example of Bohemian garnets; the pyrope garnets set into the hairpin originated in the mines of Bohemia, Czech Republic.

Pyrope Garnet Gemstone Jewellery Care and Cleaning Back to Top

How to Clean your GemstonesPyrope garnet gemstones are quite tough and durable. Proper care for pyrope garnets includes protecting them from hard blows, which could damage them. To clean your pyrope garnets, simply use warm soapy water and a soft cloth. Be sure to rinse well to remove soapy residue. As with most gemstones, ultrasonic cleaners and steamers are not recommended. Pyrope garnets should not be exposed to sudden changes in temperature. Always remove any jewellery or gemstones before exercising, cleaning or engaging in harsh physical activities such as sport. Store pyrope garnets away from other gemstones to avoid scratches. It is best to wrap gemstones in soft cloth or place them inside a fabric-lined jewellery box.

  • First Published: October-17-2006
  • Last Updated: March-18-2014
  • © 2005-2014 GemSelect.com all rights reserved.
    Reproduction (text or graphics) without the express written consent of GemSelect.com (SETT Company Ltd.) is strictly prohibited.
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