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By Reviewed By Andreas Zabczyk

Smoky Topaz and Quartz

From time to time we get requests from customers for a gemstone called smoky topaz. We have to deliver the disappointing news that there is no such gemstone. People are surprised to hear that, since smoky topaz seems to be widely advertised. How can that be?

Octagonal, Scissor-Cut Smoky Quartz Gemstone
Octagonal, Scissor-Cut Smoky Quartz Gemstone

The answer is that some less than scrupulous dealers sell smoky quartz - an attractive but inexpensive stone - under the name of the more expensive topaz. That's not only dishonest, but it fails to do justice to smoky quartz, which is an interesting and unique gemstone in its own right.

There are relatively few gemstones that occur in dark-brown or black. Gemstones that occur in these colors include black diamond, onyx and black tourmaline. Also, sometimes, dark-brown tourmaline, scapolite and agate can be found. It is a fairly rare and distinctive color.

Octagonal, Checkerboard-Cut Smoky Quartz Gemstone
Octagonal, Checkerboard-Cut Smoky Quartz Gemstone

Smoky quartz is a type of macrocrystalline quartz (silicon dioxide), the branch of the quartz family that includes amethyst, citrine and rose quartz. This type of quartz is made up of crystals that are large enough to be discerned by the naked eye. Macrocrystalline quartz is mainly transparent to translucent, with a vitreous luster.

The color of smoky quartz can range from brown to smoky-gray or black. This distinct color is a result of rock crystal quartz being exposed to natural radiation from radioactive elements for extended periods. Although the exact process of color change is not fully understood, it is known that when transparent quartz is exposed to radiation, the oxidation states of impurities within the quartz structure can be modified.

Smoky quartz comes from many sources around the world. A few of the more noteworthy locations include Brazil, the world's largest supplier; the Pikes Peak area of Colorado, USA, where it is associated with green amazonite; and the Swiss Alps, where many tons of fine specimens have been mined.

Carved Smoky Quartz Flower
Carved Smoky Quartz Flower

The popularity of smoky quartz rises and falls with fashion. Recently it has been very popular as a gemstone for its earthy tone and tribal look. Since it is quite inexpensive and easily found in large sizes, it is popular for use as pendants. It can sometimes be found fashioned into innovative faceted cuts, as well as in cabochons and carvings. Throughout history, smoky quartz was the material used for the crystal balls of fortune tellers; and some of the mystique of this distinctive quartz seems to persist to this day.

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