search
  • 登录
    注册
  • 只提供英语客户支持

    免费通话 - 仅限美国和加拿大:
    1-800-464-1640

    国际:
    +66-39303404

  • Change Language
  • USD

Sphalerite Fire

Some gemstones display a rare property known as fire. When you turn a gemstone in the light, these gemstones will display flashes of color, which is the result of the dispersion of white light into the colors of the spectrum. Dispersion occurs when different wavelengths of light are separated by refraction. Diamond is famed for this quality, and a number of other gemstones are notable for their fire, including demantoid garnet, sphene and zircon.

Reddish-Orange Sphalerite Gemstone
Reddish-Orange Sphalerite Gemstone

However, there is a little-known gem which has even greater fire; in fact its dispersion rating is three times as high as that for diamond. The gem is called sphalerite. It is a rare gemstone that is not usually seen in mainstream jewelry, but gem dealers who specialize in collector's gems will sometimes have specimens in stock.

Natural Sphalerite Gemstones
Natural Sphalerite

Sphalerite is zinc sulphide and is best known in the mineral world as the chief ore of zinc. Most sphalerite contains iron and when the iron content is high it is opaque and black. The rare gem-quality crystals have a very low iron content and considerable transparency. They are typically yellowish to honey brown, red, orange or green.

Sphalerite is a relatively soft gem, with a hardness of only 3.5 to 4 on the Mohs scale, about the same as fluorite. So despite its amazing fire, it is not suitable for everyday-wear rings. It has a density or specific gravity of 3.90 to 4.10, making it one of the denser gems, similar to sapphire and ruby, but not quite as dense as zircon. In addition to its outstanding dispersion, it has a very high refractive index of 2.368 to 2.371, just slightly lower than diamond and substantially higher than zircon, spessartite garnet and sapphire. Sphalerite can have outstanding luster and it is one of very few gems that are classified as having an adamantine (diamond-like) luster. Like diamond, sphalerite forms as a cubic crystal and has perfect cleavage. Clean specimens are very rare except in small sizes.

Namibia Sphalerite Gems
Namibian Sphalerite

The two most important sources for gem-quality sphalerite are the Chivera mine in Sonora, Mexico and the Picos de Europa mine, near Santander on Spain's northern coast. Sphalerite is also found in Namibia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Collectors search out sphalerite specimens for its remarkable dispersion. But it is important to point out that gems with a darker body color will exhibit less fire than lighter colored gems. In general we can say that large light colored stones with very good clarity will display the greatest dispersion.

First Published: December-09-2008

© 2003-2008 GemSelect.com all rights reserved.
Reproduction (text or graphics) without the express written consent of GemSelect.com (SETT Company Ltd.) is strictly prohibited.

  • 首次发布于: December-09-2008
  • 最后更新于:: January-24-2019
  • © 2005-2021 GemSelect.com版权所有。
    未经GemSelect.com(SETT Company Ltd.)的书面同意,严格禁止复制(文字或图形)。.
More Shapes
人气宝石
  • 蓝宝石
  • 祖母绿
  • 红宝石
  • 海蓝宝
  • 锆石
  • 蛋白石
  • 黄玉
  • 碧玺
  • 石榴石
  • 紫水晶
  • 黄水晶
  • 坦桑黝帘石
全部宝石 (139)
C D G H N P Q S
  • Cat's Eye Opal
  • Druzy Amethyst
  • Grandidierite
  • Hyalite Opal
  • Nuummite
  • Pyrite
  • Quartz With Marcasite
  • Scolecite
  • Spectrolite
  • 中长石拉长
  • 卢比莱碧玺
  • 变色宝石
  • 变色水铝石
  • 变色石榴石
  • 变色萤石
  • 变色蓝宝石
  • 坦桑黝帘石
  • 堇青石
  • 天河石
  • 孔雀石
  • 尖晶石
  • 巧克力蛋白石
  • 帝王黄玉
  • 异极矿晶簇
  • 彩虹月长石
  • 彩虹黄铁矿
  • 彼得石
  • 拉利玛
  • 拉长石
  • 摩西西
  • 斑彩石
  • 斑晶蛋白石
  • 方柱石
  • 方钠石
  • 日光石
  • 星光宝石
  • 星光日长石
  • 星光月长石
  • 星光柠檬石英
  • 星光石榴石
  • 星光粉晶
  • 星光红宝石
  • 星光蓝宝石
  • 星光透辉石
  • 月光石猫眼
  • 月长石
  • 枝状玛瑙
  • 查罗石
  • 榍石
  • 橄榄石
  • 沙弗莱石榴石
  • 海蓝宝
  • 火玛瑙
  • 火蛋白石
  • 猫眼宝石
  • 猫眼方柱石
  • 猫眼海蓝宝石
  • 猫眼磷灰石
  • 玉宝石
  • 玉髓
  • 玛瑙
  • 玛瑙晶洞
  • 珊瑚
  • 珊瑚化石
  • 珍珠
  • 珍珠母
  • 电镀黄玉
  • 石榴石
  • 石英
  • 石英猫眼
  • 砂金石
  • 砾背蛋白石
  • 硅孔雀石
  • 硅硼钙石
  • 硅线石
  • 硅线石猫眼
  • 碧玉
  • 碧玺
  • 磷灰石
  • 磷鋁石
  • 祖母绿
  • 符山石
  • 紅寶黝簾石
  • 紫水晶
  • 紫锂辉石
  • 紫黄晶
  • 红宝石
  • 红柱石
  • 红榴石
  • 红玉髓
  • 红纹石
  • 绿松石
  • 绿柱石
  • 绿玉髓
  • 绿龙晶
  • 缟玛瑙
  • 翡翠
  • 芙蓉石
  • 草莓石英
  • 菱锌矿
  • 萤石
  • 葡萄石
  • 蓝宝石
  • 蓝晶石
  • 蓝铜矿晶
  • 虎眼石
  • 虎眼石斑晶
  • 蛇纹石
  • 蛋白石
  • 蛋白石二层石
  • 血石
  • 赤铁矿
  • 金发晶
  • 金绿柱石
  • 金绿玉
  • 钙铁榴石
  • 钙铝榴石
  • 钙铝榴石
  • 钠柱晶石
  • 钻石
  • 铁铝榴石
  • 铬云母红宝石
  • 铬透辉石
  • 铯绿柱石
  • 锆石
  • 锰铝榴石
  • 镁铝榴石
  • 闪锌矿
  • 阳起石猫眼
  • 雪花黑曜石
  • 青金石
  • 顽辉石
  • 马拉亚石榴石
  • 马里石榴石
  • 鹰眼石
  • 黄水晶
  • 黄玉
  • 黑曜石
  • 黑蛋白石
Main Categories
  • 新品
  • 批量宝石
  • 标准化宝石
  • Gemstones By Piece
  • 高档宝石
  • 匹配的成对宝石
  • 凸面宝石
  • Drilled Gems, Briolettes and Beads
  • 诞生石
  • 宝石雕刻
  • 别致的宝石
  • 星光宝石
  • 未经加热处理的蓝宝石
只提供英语客户支持

免费通话 - 仅限美国和加拿大:
1-800-464-1640

国际:
+66-39303404

省钱
其他商品不收取额外的运费!
8.90美元全球发货

Update Translation
 
Current Value
New Value
GemSelect Gemstones
X 关闭窗口
Colored Gemstones
X 关闭窗口
Colored Gemstones
X 关闭窗口
Colored Gemstones
大小和重量

Gems are always measured in Millimeter (mm)

Dimensions are given as;
length x width x depth,
except for round stones which are;
diameter x depth

Select gems by size, not by weight!
Gem varieties vary in density, so carat weight is not a good indication of size

Note: 1ct = 0.2g

Size Comparison Chart