• Anmelden
    Konto eröffnen
  • Telefonservice in Englischer Sprache

    Zollfrei - nur USA & Kanada:


  • Sprache ändern
  • USD

Origin of Gemstone Names

Names of Natural gemstones Kunzite from Afghanistan Prehnite Gemstones Natural Tanzanite
Tanzanite, Prehnite and Kunzite

What's in a name? When it comes to gemstones, sometimes it's a long story. While the names of some of the best known jewels, such as diamonds, are lost in antiquity, many gem quality minerals were not identified until relatively recently, with the advent of the science of gemology. When a new variety is found, the name of the new material can be derived from several sources.

The names of many stones come from a Greek or Latin root which refers to a particular trait of the gem. For example, the banded green stone known as malachite got its name from the Greek word for mallow, a green herb, while kyanite is derived from the Greek word kyanos, meaning blue. The name for the pink stone rhodolite is derived from the Greek word for rose-like, as are many other pink minerals such as rhodochrosite and rhodonite.

Round Rhodolite Garnet Gemstone
Round Rhodolite Garnet Gemstone

It is also common to assign gem names according to the place where they were first found. Tanzanite was discovered in the Tanzanian bushland in 1967, while tsavorite takes its name from Tsavo National Park near the Tanzanian border with Kenya, where in the late 1960s, the geologist Campbell Bridges came across some rocks containing green grossularite, a rare variety of garnet. Similarly andalusite, a beautiful pleochroic gem that appears to be a different color depending upon the direction from which it is viewed, is named after the site of original production in Andalusia, Spain.

Tsavorite and Malachite Gemstones Malachite Cabochon Natural Tsavorite Garnet
Tsavorite and Malachite

Another common method is to name a gem after its discoverer. Thus prehnite was named after Colonel Hendrik von Prehn and hiddenite was named after W.E. Hidden, who discovered this stone in 1879 in North Carolina (and is also credited with the discovery of rhodolite garnet).

Sometimes the person who first identifies a new material has their name immortalized. Although zoisite was first known as saualpite, after its place of discovery in the Saualpe Mountains in 1805, it was renamed after the Slovenian scientist, Baron Sigmund Zois von Edelstein, who realized that it was an unknown mineral when it was brought to him for identification.

Hiddenite Gemstones Natural Andalusite
Andalusite and Hiddenite

In yet other cases, a new mineral is named in honor of someone important. The naming of the rare gemstone alexandrite is such a case of historical interest; it was named after Russian Tsar, Alexander II, because the first crystals were discovered in an emerald mine the Ural mountains in April 1834, on the very day this tsar came of age. Alexandrite was later declared to be the national stone of tsarist Russia.

Occasionally there is a dispute when attempts to name a new gem are in conflict. Kunzite, the pink variety of spodumene, was named in honor of Dr George Frederick Kunz, of Tiffany & Co., the leading gem expert of his time. However, this gem might have easily ended up with one of several other suggested names instead. Contenders for the honor included no fewer than four would-be discoverers as well as two eminent scientists who identified the substance.

  • Erstausgabe: May-30-2008
  • Zuletzt geändert: November-15-2019
  • © 2005-2021 alle Rechte vorbehalten.
    Nachdruck (Text oder Grafik) ohne die ausdrückliche, schriftliche Zustimmung von (SETT Company Ltd) ist streng verboten.
More Shapes
Beliebte Edelsteine
  • Saphir
  • Smaragd
  • Rubin
  • Aquamarin
  • Zirkon
  • Opal
  • Topas
  • Turmalin
  • Granat
  • Amethyst
  • Citrin
  • Tansanit
Alle Edelsteine (140)
  • Achat
  • Achat-Geode
  • Actinolith Katzenauge
  • Almandin-Granat
  • Amazonit
  • Amethyst
  • Ametrin
  • Ammolith
  • Andalusit
  • Andesin Labradorit
  • Apatit
  • Apatit-Katzenauge
  • Aquamarin
  • Aquamarin-Katzenauge
  • Aventurin
  • Azurit-Druse
  • Beryll
  • Blutstein
  • Boulder-Opal
  • Cat's Eye Opal
  • Chalcedon
  • Charoit
  • Chromdiopsid
  • Chrysoberyll
  • Chrysokoll
  • Chrysopras
  • Citrin
  • Citrin mit Asterismus
  • Demantoid-Granat
  • Dendritischer-Achat
  • Diamant
  • Druzy Amethyst
  • Enstatit
  • Erdbeerquarz
  • Falkenauge
  • Farbwechselnde Edelsteine
  • Farbwechselnder Diaspor
  • Farbwechselnder Fluorit
  • Farbwechselnder Granat
  • Farbwechselnder Saphir
  • Feuerachat
  • Feueropal
  • Fluorit
  • Goldener Beryll
  • Granat
  • Grandidierite
  • Grossular Granat
  • Hemimorphit-Druse
  • Hessonit-Granat
  • Howlith
  • Hyalit Opal
  • Hämatit
  • Idokras
  • Imperial Topas
  • Iolith
  • Jade
  • Jade-Schmucksteine
  • Jaspis
  • Karneol
  • Katzenaugen Edelsteine
  • Klinohumit
  • Koralle
  • Korallen-Fossil
  • Kornerupin
  • Kunzit
  • Kyanit
  • Labradorit
  • Lapislazuli
  • Larimar
  • Malachit
  • Malaya-Granat
  • Mali-Granat
  • Mawsitsit
  • Mondstein
  • Mondstein Katzenauge
  • Morganit
  • Mystik Topas
  • Nuummit
  • Obsidian
  • Onyx
  • Opal
  • Opal in Matrix
  • Opal-Dublette
  • Peridot
  • Perle
  • Perlmutt
  • Pietersite
  • Prehnit
  • Pyrite
  • Pyrop-Granat
  • Quartz With Marcasite
  • Quarz
  • Quarz-Katzenauge
  • Regenbogen-Mondstein
  • Regenbogen-Pyrit
  • Rhodochrosit
  • Rhodolit-Granat
  • Rosenquarz
  • Rubellit-Turmalin
  • Rubin
  • Rubin in Fuchsit
  • Rubin-Zoisit
  • Rutilquarz
  • Saphir
  • Schneeflockenobsidian
  • Schokoladen Opal
  • Schwarzer Opal
  • Scolecite
  • Seraphinite
  • Serpentin
  • Sillimanit
  • Sillimanit-Katzenauge
  • Skapolith
  • Skapolith Katzenauge
  • Smaragd
  • Smithsonit
  • Sodalith
  • Sonnenstein
  • Spectrolite
  • Spessartin-Granat
  • Sphalerit
  • Sphen
  • Spinell
  • Stern-Edelsteine
  • Sterndiopsid
  • Sterngranat
  • Sternmondstein
  • Sternrosenquarz
  • Sternrubin
  • Sternsaphir
  • Sternsonnenstein
  • Tansanit
  • Tigerauge
  • Tigerauge Matrix
  • Topas
  • Tsavorit / Tsavolith
  • Turmalin
  • Türkis
  • Variscit
  • Zirkon
  • Neuheiten
  • Schmucksteine Sets
  • Kalibrierte Edelsteine
  • Edelsteine nach Preisen
  • Erstklassige Edelsteine
  • Passende Paare
  • Cabochon Edelsteine
  • Drilled Gems, Briolettes and Beads
  • Geburtssteine
  • Schmuckstein-Schnitzereien
  • Fantasie Edelsteine
  • Stern-Edelsteine
  • Unbehandelte Saphire
Telefonservice in Englischer Sprache

Zollfrei - nur USA & Kanada:


Sparen Sie Geld
Keine Versandkosten für zusätzliche Artikel!
8.90 $ Weltweiter Versand

Update Translation
Current Value
New Value
GemSelect Gemstones
X Fenster schließen
Colored Gemstones
X Fenster schließen
Colored Gemstones
X Fenster schließen
Colored Gemstones
Größe und Gewicht

Gems are always measured in Millimeter (mm)

Dimensions are given as;
length x width x depth,
except for round stones which are;
diameter x depth

Select gems by size, not by weight!
Gem varieties vary in density, so carat weight is not a good indication of size

Note: 1ct = 0.2g

Size Comparison Chart